Biolog Phenotype MicroArray
     Serious Technology for Serious Microbiology May 2014
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Novel Species Characterized with Phenotype MicroArrays

Phenotype MicroArray
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Phenotypic characterization of novel isolates is an important step in the establishment of new species. Biolog's Phenotype MicroArrays are an ideal tool for this task. We present three peer-reviewed papers on novel species that have been characterized with PM technology.
 
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  Rosenbergiella australoborealis sp. nov., Rosenbergiella collisarenosi sp. nov. andRosenbergiella epipactidis sp. nov., Three Novel Bacterial Species Isolated from Floral Nectar
The taxonomic status of strains isolated from the floral necatar of insect pollinated plants was resolved. Biolog carbon substrate utilization tests were used as an integral part of the phenotypic characterization of these strains. In addition to updating the description of the genus, three new species were identified.
 
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  Isolation and Characterization of Burkholderia rinojensis sp. nov., a Non-Burkholderia cepacia Complex Soil Bacterium with Insecticidal and Miticidal Activities
An isolate from Japanese soil with strong insecticidal and miticidal activity was characterized by several methods. Tests of the isolates ability to control insects and mites suggested that a secreted enzyme or secondary metabolite may be responsible for it's activity. Biolog Phenotype MicroArrays could differentiate the isolate from related Burkholderia species and provided extensive additional information.
 
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  Cronobacter gen. nov., a New Genus to Accommodate the Biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and Proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov.,Cronobacter dublinensissp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies,Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp.lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov.
Phenotypic descriptions of of proposed novel species were expanded with Phenotype MicroArrays. Phenotypic profiles revealed carbon source utilization tests that could differentiate proposed novel species and subspecies. Alternative classifications of these isolates were proposed.   
 
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Phenotype MicroArray Technology
Biolog's Phentoype MicroArray technology enables researchers to evaluate nearly 2000 phenotypes of a microbial cell in a single experiment. This integrated system of cellular assays, instrumentation and bioinformatics software provides cellular knowledge that complements molecular information, helping you interpret and find the relevant aspects in massive amounts of gene expression or proteomics data. Through comprehensive and precise quantitation of phenotypes, researchers are able to obtain an unbiased perspective of the effect on cells of genetic differences, environmental change, exposure to chemicals or drugs, and more.
 
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